A brief on Mesothelioma: A huge 2,000 to 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma is on the rise in the United States of America. Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer and it is a sequelae of exposure to asbestos. Cancer cells tend to destroy the mesothelium, which is a protective bag that keeps the internal organs of the body. Initially, the pleura or peritoneum are affected and it spreads to other parts of the body. This is a life-threatening disease and the victim’s survival time is almost one year from the time of diagnosis depending on the treatment and other factors.What contributing is the prognosis of mesothelioma? Prognosis of mesothelioma depends only on the merit of diagnosis and treatment. If the treatment is provided with much delay then the chances of survival of the victim grows thinner. Again, survival depends largely on factors such as treatment, type of mesothelioma as well as patients’ health and morale. The stage of the disease during the diagnosis is the most important factor that determines the prognosis and the minimum survival expectancy of the victim. But unfortunately, mesothelioma unlike other cancers is quite difficult scene. This is because the symptoms of mesothelioma are non-specific due to which the cells have already expired at the time of diagnosis.
What are the determining factors that lead to prognosis? Early detection of the disease is imperative for the pursuit of any type of treatment. The location and size of the cancer, the cancer response to treatment, the extent to which the cancer has spread, what impression the cells give under the microscope and the age of the patients are some of the contributing factors that determine The prognosis. It should be emphasized that the diagnosis of the disease is not a child’s play. Moreover it becomes all the more difficult because of the very deceptive nature of the subtle symptoms of mesothelioma. For example, if you cough and you can never know that you have contracted the disease unless and until your doctor specifies while providing mesothelioma prognosis.Do you know about mesothelioma treatment options? Among the oldest classification systems of them all is the Butchart system, based on mass measurement, of a primary tumor and isolates the cancer in four stages.
The TNM system is a newer version while the Brigham system is the latest. It uses resectability and involvement of lymph nodes to stage mesothelioma. Traditional forms of treatment are also prevalent in cases of malignant mesothelioma. Radiation therapy exerts high-energy X-rays to eradicate cancer cells while chemotherapy makes through the use of drugs. Immunotherapy helps to strengthen the immune system, photodynamic therapy uses light energy while gene therapy revives the genetic defects inherent in the patient to fight the disease. The process of removing fluid from the chest is known as thoracentesis while the liquid abdominal reduction is known as paracentesis. Conventional surgeries and effective drugs like L-NDDP or Platar, Endostatin and lovastatin few come to the rescue of mesothelioma victims. Surgical removal of part of the chest or abdominal wall is called pleurectomy and if the lung is removed then the operation will be named as pneumonectomy