Mesothelioma is a rare and deadly form of cancer that can occur in a number of types. Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos, a group of natural fibers that are extremely dangerous if inhaled as fiber. When the fibers are inhaled that they lodge in the alveoli of the lungs and over a period of time, these fibers make the tissues and cells abnormal and cause cancer of mesothelioma. Pleural mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma cancer, accounting for about 75% of all mesothelioma cases. The next most common form, peritoneal mesothelioma, accounts for 20% of all mesothelioma cases and pericardial mesothelioma accounts for the remaining 5%. Pleural mesothelioma affects the lining of the lungs, peritoneal mesothelioma attacks the peritoneum, which is the lining of the abdomen and pericardial mesothelioma affects the tissue surrounding the heart. Each of these three types of cancer occur in extremely large areas of the human body and this is one of the reasons why it is so difficult to treat.
Treatment methods such as radiotherapy can not be performed with very strict radiation dose restrictions because of the possibility of damaging a vital organ like the lungs or heart mesothelioma. Aggressive surgery is undertaken only by the strongest of mesothelioma patients because the weakest patients are at risk of death in the first month after the operation. An experienced doctor will evaluate a patient before deciding that surgery is the best method of treatment. It will take into account the age, the medical file, the handicap, the allergies, the sex, same weight. The operation will then take place. Mesothelioma surgery involves cutting a patient open and removing the majority of cancer cells from either the lining of the lungs, abdomen or heart in an attempt to take long-term control over the cancer.
Due to the proximity of cancer to the main organs of the body, the operation can not be performed by highly qualified surgeons. There is a chance that the patient will die during the second type of mesothelioma surgery operation.A is called palliative procedures. It is a much less dangerous and aggressive form of surgery that does not seek to take long-term control over cancer. Palliative procedures are designed to alleviate the symptoms of a patient when he is almost certain that the patient will inevitably die from cancer surgery.Mesothelioma may also be coupled with radiation therapy and chemotherapy in what is known as dual therapy. Patients should undergo surgery to get rid of most cancerous mesothelioma cells and then chemotherapy and radiation therapy would be used to kill all the remaining cells. This combination of treatments has proven effective and has one of the highest success rates for mesothelioma cancer treatments.