As with any cancer, treatment for mesothelioma depends on the location of the cancer, disease progression, age as well as the state of health of the patient. It is the oncologist who specializes in the disease that Will pronounce on the line of treatment. The disease is difficult to treat and in most cases the prognosis is poor.
Treatment options include:
1. If diagnosis is made in early stage surgery may be recommended to remove all cancerous tissue. This means thoracoscopy, vats or video of assisted thoracic surgery, mediastinoscopy (used for staging), or laproscopy. Often doctors advise palliative procedures such as thoracic drainage and pleurodesis, thoracoscopy and pleurodesis, pleuroperitoneal shunt or pleurectomy, which treat the symptoms of mesothelioma rather than the disease.
2. Radiation is prescribed aggressive for patients with mesothelioma and is often administered in combination with surgery or to control the symptoms, palliative. Research on the use of radiotherapy using implants or UV light therapy is undergoing traditional radiation therapy treatment surrounding healthy tissue.
3. Chemotherapy is an option and around 12-20% of patients respond to medications. Anti-cancer drugs destroy cancer cells and prevent their spread. In mesothelioma, chemotherapy is not considered curative. The goal is to prevent the spread of the disease, reduce the tumor before surgery, known as neoadjuvant therapy; To wipe out the remains of the tumor in post body surgery and relieve pain and discomfort, palliative chemotherapy. Experts recommend prescribing premetrexed with cisplatin. These drugs have shown positive results, which is now the standard for mesothelioma not treatable by surgery.
4. Biological therapy using interleukin.
2.5. Immunotherapy where the body’s own immune system is stimulated to fight the disease. Biological response modifiers, BRMS, are used in the treatment. The aim is to improve the functions of the immune system, the regulation of metabolic reactions that promote the growth of cancers; Modify cancer cell division; Printing process, or reverse that lead to the formation of cancers and prevent the spread of cancer.
6. Gene therapy, where one seeks to correct the sequence of gene that causes cancer. There are two kinds, replacement gene therapy and final gene therapy.
7. Administration of lovastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug.
8. Photodynamic treatment, wherein a photosensitive drug is activated using a laser. This is done during the surgical removal of cancerous tissue.
9. Emptying fluid into the chest cavity or abdominal followed by introducing medication into the cavity to prevent fluid buildup is made for patients who have an uncontrolled fluid accumulation and intense discomfort from it.
10 . Combination therapy or Trimodal therapy means that surgery accompanied by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Often, complementary medicines are also used. Called to be holistic this kind of treatment focuses on the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being of the patient. In the case of mesothelioma that is incurable, one can opt for clinical trials of new treatments that are underway in several laboratories and research centers. The best advice on the treatment line would be that recommended by the oncologist.